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الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification

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default الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification

مُساهمة من طرف rahma 4/4/2010, 10:31 pm


السلام عليكم طلابي الاعزاء درسنا اليوم عن القواعد رح نبلش شوي شوي



يالله خلينا نبلش


Welcome my friends

our new lesson today is about English Grammar .



Verb Classification

We divide verbs into two broad classifications:

1. Helping Verbs


Imagine that a stranger walks into your room and says:




I can.
People must.
The Earth will.

Do you understand anything?

Has this person communicated anything to you? Probably not! That's because these verbs are helping verbs and have no meaning on their own.
They are necessary for the grammatical structure of the sentence, but they do not tell us very much alone. We usually use helping verbs with main verbs. They "help" the main verb.

(The sentences in the above examples are therefore incomplete. They need at least a main verb to complete them.)
There are only about 15 helping verbs
.

2. Main Verbs

Now imagine that the same stranger walks into your room and says:



I teach.
People eat.
The Earth rotates.

Do you understand something?
Has this person communicated something to you? Probably yes! Not a lot, but something. That's because these verbs are main verbs and have meaning on their own. They tell us something. Of course, there are thousands of main verbs.

In the following table we see example sentences with helping verbs and main verbs. Notice that all of these sentences have a main verb. Only some of them have a helping verb.

[tr]

helping verb

main verb

John

likes

coffee.

You

lied

to
me.

They

are

happy.

The
children

are

playing.

We

must

go

now.

I

do

not

want

any.
























Helping verbs and main verbs can be further sub-divided, as we shall see

Helping Verbs


Helping verbs are also called \\"auxiliary verbs\\".



Helping verbs have no meaning on their own. They are necessary for the grammatical structure of a sentence, but they do not tell us very much alone.
We usually use helping verbs with
main verbs. They "help" the main verb (which has the real meaning). There are only about 15 helping verbs in English, and we divide them into two basic groups:

Primary helping verbs (3 verbs)

These are the verbs be, do, and have. Note that we can use these three verbs as helping verbs or as main verbs. Here we talk about them as helping verbs.
We use them in the following cases:




be


to make continuous tenses (He is watching TV.)
to make the passive (Small fish are eaten by big fish.)

have

to make perfect tenses (I have finished my homework.)

do


to make negatives (I do not like you.)
to ask questions (Do you want some coffee?)
to show emphasis (I do want you to pass your exam.)
to stand for a main verb in some constructions (He speaks faster than she does.)

Modal helping verbs (10 verbs)


We use modal helping verbs to "modify" the meaning of the main verb in some way.
A modal helping verb expresses necessity or possibility, and changes the main verb in that sense. These are the modal verbs
:



can, could
may, might
will,would,
shall, should
must
ought to

Here are examples using modal verbs:




I can't speak Chinese.
John may arrive late.
Would
you like a cup of coffee?
You should see a doctor.
I really must go now.

Semi-modal verbs (3 verbs)


The following verbs are often called "semi-modals" because they are partly like modal helping verbs and partly like main verbs:



need

dare

used to



Main Verbs




Main verbs are also called \\"lexical verbs\\".

Main verbs have meaning on their own (unlike helping verbs). There are thousands of main verbs, and we can classify them in several ways:

Transitive and intransitive verbs

A transitive verb takes a direct object: Somebody killed the President.
An intransitive verb does not have a direct object: He died. Many verbs, like speak, can be transitive or intransitive. Look at these examples:

transitive:



I saw an elephant.
We are watching TV.
He speaks English.

intransitive:



He has arrived.
John goes to school.
She speaks fast.

Linking verbs


A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself. It "links" the subject to what is said about the subject. Usually, a linking verb shows equality (=) or a change to a different state or place (>). Linking verbs are always intransitive (but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs).




Mary is a teacher. (mary = teacher)
Tara is beautiful. (tara = beautiful)
That sounds interesting. (that = interesting)
The sky became dark. (the sky > dark)
The bread has gone bad. (bread > bad)

Dynamic and stative verbs


Some verbs describe action. They are called "dynamic", and can be used with
continuous tenses. Other verbs describe state (non-action, a situation). They are called "stative", and cannot normally be used with continuous tenses(though some of them can be used with continuous tenses with a change in meaning).

dynamic verbs (examples):




hit, explode, fight, run, go

stative verbs (examples):


be
like,love, prefer, wish
impress, please, surprise
hear, see,sound
belong to, consist of, contain, include, need
appear,resemble, seem

Regular and irregular verbs


This is more a question of vocabulary than of grammar. The only real difference between regular and irregular verbs is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms. For regular verbs, the
past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same: -ed. For irregular verbs, the past tense ending and the past participle ending is variable, so it is necessary to learn them by heart.

regular verbs
:

base, past tense, past participle


look, looked, looked
work, worked, worked

irregular verbs:

base, past tense, past participle


buy, bought, bought
cut,cut, cut
do, did, done


One way to think of regular and irregular verbs is like this: all verbs are irregular and the so called regular verbs are simply one very large group of irregular verbs.


Often the above divisions can be mixed. For example, one verb could be irregular, transitive and dynamic; another verb could be regular, transitive and stative.That's for today and I hope to study very hard because I'll ask you some questions


الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification 15205910
الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification Read110
rahma
rahma
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أهم عضو في شباب حمص
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default رد: الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification

مُساهمة من طرف مستر جي تي 16/4/2010, 11:08 pm

مشكووووووووووورة رحمة عالدرس الرائع
و عذراً للتأخير بالرد .. بس هلأ لخلصت قراءة
هههههههههه
و يسلمووووووووووو كتييييييييييييييير
في كتير معلومات اتعلمتها من هالدرس ..
Very Happy
Thanks alot


الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification Tbe58410
الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification 1685141

اللهم إنّا لا نصلح ما بأنفسنا , فأصلحها يا رب العالمين
مستر جي تي
مستر جي تي
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http://www.shabab-homs.com

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default رد: الدرس الرابع ...انواع الافعال باللغة الانكليزية ....Verb Classification

مُساهمة من طرف الحلو 3/5/2010, 4:24 pm

مشكورة رحمة عل الدرس
وننتظر المزيد
الحلو
الحلو
الطريق نحو الألف ينتهي قريباً
الطريق نحو الألف ينتهي قريباً

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ورضا نفسه ومداد كلماته

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